Student Nurse Laura

Orem – "creative effort of one human being to help another human being."

DTaP Vaccine

Posted by Laura on November 1, 2010

DTaP

DTaP Vaccine

Diptheria=

  • A rare toxin-mediated bacterial infectious disease marked by the formation of a patchy grayish-green membrane over tonsils, uvula, soft palate, pharynx.
  • Precautions – Droplet Includes 3ft or less through air. Direct or indirect contact with freshly contaminated articles.
Tetanus = (Lockjaw or Trismus)

  • an acute life-threatening illness caused by a toxin produced in infected wounds by a bacillus.
  • Bacterium: Clostridium tetani
  • Precautions – Direct

 

Pertussis= (Whooping Cough)

  • An acute contagious disease characterized by paroxysmal coughing, vomiting that follows the cough and whooping inspiration.
  • Bacterium: Bordetella pertussis
  • Precautions – Droplet Includes 3ft or less through air. Direct or indirect contact with freshly contaminated articles.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and Symptoms

Early stages – mistaken for a bad sore throat; low-grade fever and swollen neck glands.

Can lead to a thick coating in the nose, throat, or airway. This coating is usually fuzzy gray or black and can cause breathing problems and difficulty in swallowing. The formation of this coating (or membrane) in the nose, throat, or airway makes a diphtheria infection different from other more common infections (such as strep throat) that cause sore throat.

As the infection progresses, the person may:

  • have difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • complain of double vision
  • have slurred speech
  • even show signs of going into shock (skin that’s pale and cold, rapid heartbeat, sweating, and an anxious appearance)

 

Signs and Symptoms

Tetanus often begins with muscle spasms in the jaw and face (risus sardonicus), together with difficulty swallowing and stiffness or pain in muscles in the neck, shoulder, or back. The muscle spasms can be severe and can quickly spread to muscles of the abdomen, upper arms, and thighs.

The symptoms of tetanus usually appear anywhere from 3 to 14 days after the person has become infected.

 

Signs and Symptoms

The first symptoms of whooping cough are similar to those of a common cold:

  • runny nose
  • sneezing
  • mild cough
  • low-grade fever

after 1-2 wks: coughing spells lasting more than 1 minute, child turning red or purple.

Pertussis
Diphtheria
Tetnus

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