Student Nurse Laura

Orem – "creative effort of one human being to help another human being."

Bi-Polar Disorders

Posted by Laura on October 1, 2010

Bi-Polar Disorders

From Merck Manual – Bipolardisorders are classified as

  • Bipolar I disorder: Defined by the presence of at least one full-fledged (ie, disrupting normal social and occupational function) manic or mixed episode and usually depressive episodes
  • Bipolar II disorder: Defined by the presence of major depressive episodes with at least one hypomanic episode but no full-fledged manic episodes
  • Bipolar disorder not otherwise specified (NOS): Disorders with clear bipolar features that do not meet the specific criteria for other bipolar disorders
“Hypomania: A hypomanic episode is a less extreme variant of mania involving a distinct episode that lasts ≥ 4 days and is distinctly different from the patient’s usual nondepressed mood. During the hypomanic period, mood brightens, the need for sleep decreases, and psychomotor activity accelerates. For some patients, hypomanic periods are adaptive because they produce high energy, creativity, confidence, and supernormal social functioning. Many do not wish to leave the pleasurable, euphoric state. Some function quite well, and in most, functioning is not markedly impaired. However, in some patients, hypomania manifests as distractibility, irritability, and labile mood, which the patient and others find less attractive.” According to Merck Manual, Oct 1, 2010

bi word .doc

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