Posted by Laura on July 24, 2010
Hildegard Peplau: psychodynamic nursing – interpersonal relationship between a nurse and a patient.
Four phases of this relationship:
- orientation – the patient and nurse mutually identify the person’s problem
- identification – patient identifies with the nurse, thereby accepting help
- exploitation – patient makes use of the nurse’s help
- resolution – the patient accepts new goals and frees herself or himself from the relationship.
Peplau identifies 6 nursing roles:
Counselor Role – working with the patient on current problems
Leader Role – directing the nurse-client interaction to facilitate goal achievement.
Surrogate Role – figuratively standing in for a person in the patient’s life
Stranger – accepting the patient objectively
Resource Person – interpreting the medical plan to the patient
Teaching Role – offering information and helping the patient learn
(Our book doesn’t list stranger as one of the main 6 nursing roles, but includes Technical Expert – which is one of the secondary roles the nurse plays along with mediator, safety agent, researcher, tutor, and manager of environment.) – http://historicalbiographies.suite101.com/article.cfm/hildegard_peplau
The Peplau Theory taken from the students of Mt Saint Mary’s College Nursing Program (Los Angeles, CA) 2009.
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