Student Nurse Laura

Orem – "creative effort of one human being to help another human being."

Some images worth reviewing

Posted by Laura on May 22, 2010

Tulane University School of Medicine http://tulane.edu/som/index.cfm

Pericarditis – here you can see and imagine the pain a person would have. S/S of Pericarditis: pain, pericardial friction rub, pain aggravated by breathing, Dyspnea, Fever (it looks hot!), Decreased cardiac output (you wouldn’t want it to move!) Treatment: Antibiotics  Diagnosis: see below  Leads to:  See the pericardial effusion

Echocardiogram to confirm pericarditis or pericardial effusion

Myxoma  – what does “oma” mean?      not “coma” so …. “oma” means it is benign, this is more a cancer item, but I had to throw it in. Luckily this can be removed. Benign.

Rheumatic Mitral Valve            – when you see the obstruction of the blood flow here due to the thickening or inflammation, you can see how rhematic endocarditis can cause Mitral Stenosis.                   

Ventricular Hypertrophy  – caused by increased work of the left ventricle – increased afterload (resistance) will make the heart over work.

Infective Endocarditis – s/s: malaise, wT loss, cough, back and joint pain w/fever. Leads to deformity of the leaflets. Treatment: Antibiotics – prophylaxis (esp before dental procedures). Leads to: CHF, CVA

Aortic Valve: destructive endocarditis caused by staph aureus, with abscess cavity under the pulmonary artery (aortic valve removed)
(RCA – right coronary artery, LCA – left coronary artery, MV – mitral valve) 

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/heart/disorders/valve/sbesurgerypics.aspx

Valve Disease Chart

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