Student Nurse Laura

Orem – "creative effort of one human being to help another human being."


Posted by Laura on January 5, 2010

This first group of words should be familar for the first Exam. They are also loaded to FlashCardExchange – Exam I Maternity, see link to the right. Use search tag in upper right for avc or studentnurselaura. Usually take 24 hours to be visible on their site.

1-10-10 Module 1,2,3

1-12-10   Exam II  (module 4 only, module 5 & 6 to come)

assisted reproductive therapies treatments for infertility, including in vitro fertilization procedures, embryo adoption, embryo hosting, and therapeutic insemination
basal body temperature BBT lowest body temperature of a healthy person taken immediately after awakening and before getting out of bed
fertility awareness methods methods of family planning that identify the beginning and end of the fertile period of the menstrual cycle
induced abortion intentionally produced termination of pregnancy
in vitro fertilization fertilization in a culture dish or test tube
periodic abstinence contraceptive methods in which a women abstains from sexual intercourse during the fertile period of her menstrual cycle; also referred to as natural family planning because no other form  of birth control is used during this period
semen analysis examination of semen specimen to determine liquefaction , volume, pH, sperm density, and normal morphology
sterilization surgical contraceptive procedures in tended to be permanent contraception
therapeutic donor insemination introduction of donor semen by instrument injection into the vagina or uterus for impregnation
autolysis the self-destruction of excess hypertrophied tissue
afterbirth pains painful uterine cramps that occur intermittently for approximately 2 or 3 days after birth and that result from contractile efforts of the uterus to return to its normal involuted condition
diastasis recti abdominis separation of the two rectus muscles along the median line of the abdominal wall
involution reduction in size of the uterus after birth, and its return to its no pregnant condition
lochia vaginal discharge during the puerperium consisting of blood, tissue, and mucus
lochia alba  thin, yellowish to white, vaginal discharge that follows lochia Serosa on approximately the tenth day after birth and that my last from 2 to 6 weeks postpartum
lochia rubra red, distinctly blood-tinged vaginal flow that follows birth and lasts 2 to 4 days
lochia Serosa serous, pinkish brown, watery vaginal discharge that follows lochia rubra until approximately the tenth day after birth
pelvic relaxation lengthening and weakening of the fascial supports of pelvic structures
puerperium period after the third stage o labor and lasting until involution of the uterus takes place, usually approximately 3 to 6 weeks; fourth trimester of pregnancy
subinvolution failure of the uterus to reduce to its normal size and condition after pregnancy
couplet care one nurse, educated in both mother and infant care, functions as the primary nurse for both mother and infant (also known as mother-baby care or single-room maternity care)
engorgement swelling of the breast tissue brought about by an increases in blood and lymph supplied to the breast, occurring as early milk (colostrums) transitions to mature milk, at about 72 to 96 hours after birth
fourth stage of labor the first 1 or 2 hours after birth
humans sign early sign of phlebothrombosis of the deep veins of the calf in which there are complaints of pain when the leg is in extension and the foot is dorsi flexed
thrombus blood clot obstructing a blood vessel that remains at the place it was formed
uterine atony relaxation of uterine muscle; leads to postpartum hemorrhage
warm line a help line, or consultation service, for families to access; most often for support of newborn care and postpartum care after hospital discharge
acquaintance process used by parents to get to know or become familiar with their new infant; an important step in attachment
attachment  a specific and enduring affective tie to another person
becoming a mother transformation and growth of the mother identity
biorhythmicity cyclic changes that occur with established regularity, such as sleeping and eating patterns
bonding  a process by which parents, over time, form an emotional relationship with their infant
claiming process process by which the parents identify their new baby in terms of likeness to other family members, differences, and uniqueness
en face face-to-face position in which the parent’s and infant’s faces are approximately 20 cm apart and on the same plane
engrossment a parent’s absorption, preoccupation, and interest in his or her infant; term typically used to describe the father’s intense involvement with his newborn
entrainment Phenomenon observed in the microanalysis of sound films in which the speaker moves several parts of the body and the listener responds to the sounds by moving in ways that are coordinated with the rhythm of the sounds (infants have been observed to move in time to the rhythms of adult speech by not to random noises or disconnected words or vowels; believed to be an essential factor in the process of maternal-infant bonding
letting-go phase interdependent phase after birth in which the mother and family move forward as a system with interacting members
mutuality parent-infant interaction in which the infant’s behaviors and characteristics call forth a corresponding set of maternal behaviors and characteristics
postpartum blues a let-down feeling, accompanied by irritability and anxiety, which usually begins 2-3 days after giving birth and disappears within a week or two; sometimes called “baby blues”
reciprocity type of body movement or behavior that provides the observer with cues, such as the behavioral cues infants provide to parents and parent’s responses to cues
sibling rivalry a sibling’s jealousy of and resentment toward a new child in the family
synchrony fit between the infant’s cues and the parent’s response
taking-hold phase period after birth characterized by a woman becoming more independent and more interested in learning infant care skills; learning to be a competent mother is an important task
taking-in phase period after birth characterized by the  woman’s dependency; maternal needs are dominant, talking about the birth is an important task
transition to parenthood period of time from the preconception parenthood decision through the first months after birth of the baby during which parent define their parental roles and adjust to parenthood
colostrums the fluid in the breast from pregnancy into the early postpartal period; rich in antibodies, which provide protection from many diseases; high in protein which binds bilirubin; and laxative acting, which speeds the elimination of meconium and helps loosen mucus
demand feeding feeding a newborn when feeding cues are exhibited by the baby, indicating that hunger is present
engorgement swelling of breast tissue brought about by an increase in blood and lymph supply to the breast, which precedes true lactation; lasts approximately 48 hours and usually reaches a peak between the third and fifth post birth days
feeding-readiness cues infant responses (mouthing motions, sucking fist, awakening, and crying) that indicate optimal times to begin a feeding
growth spurts times of increased neonatal growth that usually occur at approximately 6 to 10 days, 6 weeks, 3 months, and 4-5 months; increased caloric needs necessitate more frequent feedings to increase the amount of milk produced
inverted nipples nipples invert rather than evert when stimulated; interferes with latch-on
lactation consultant health care professional who specialized training in breastfeeding
lactogenesis beginning of milk production
latch-on attachment of the infant to the breast for feeding
let-down reflex release of milk caused by the contraction of the myoepithelial cells within g the milk glands in response to oxytocin; also called milk ejection reflex (MER)
mastitis infection in a breast, usually confined to a milk duct, characterized by influenza-like symptoms and redness and tenderness in the affected breast
nipple confusion difficulty experienced by some infants in mastering breastfeeding after having been given a pacifier or bottle
plugged milk ducts milk ducts blocked by small curds of dried milk
rooting reflex normal response of the newborn to move toward whatever touches the area around the moth and to attempt to suck; usually disappears by 3-4 months of age
supply-meets-demand system physiologic basis for determining milk production; the volume of milk produced equals the amount removed from the breast

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