Student Nurse Laura

Orem – "creative effort of one human being to help another human being."

Words

Posted by Laura on December 29, 2009

New Words:

Oxytocic

1 pertaining to a substance that is similar to the hormone oxytocin.

2 any one of numerous drugs that stimulates the smooth muscle of the uterus to contract. The administration of an oxytocic can initiate and enhance rhythmic uterine contraction at any time, but relatively high doses are required for such responses in early pregnancy. Oxytocic agents commonly used include oxytocin, certain prostaglandins, and the ergot alkaloids. These drugs are used to induce or augment labor at term, control postpartum hemorrhage, correct postpartum uterine atony, produce uterine contractions after cesarean section or other uterine surgery, and induce therapeutic abortion. These drugs are used with extreme caution in parturients with severe hypotension and hypertension, partial placenta previa, cephalopelvic disproportion, or grand multiparity. The risk of using these agents is much higher in mothers who have undergone recent uterine surgery or who have suffered recent sepsis or trauma. The most serious adverse reaction is sustained tetanic contraction of the uterus, resulting in fetal hypoxia or rupture of the uterus. (Mosby’s Medical Dictionary, 8th edition. © 2009, Elsevier.)

 
Ergotism 
 
 1 an acute or chronic disease caused by excessive dosages of medications containing ergot. Symptoms may include cerebrospinal manifestations such as spasms, cramps, and dry gangrene.
2 a chronic disease caused by ingestion of cereal products made with rye flour contaminated by ergot fungus.
(Mosby’s Medical Dictionary, 8th edition. © 2009, Elsevier)
3 Davis – (signs include cold, numb figers and toes, chest pain, nausea, vomiting, headache, muscle pain,weakness)

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