Student Nurse Laura

Orem – "creative effort of one human being to help another human being."

Gary’s NS111 – Vocab III

Posted by Laura on October 11, 2009

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Active Listening an intent to “listen for meaning”, focuses attention on the speaker. Listeners restate, in their own language, their impression of the expression of the sender
Adaptation adjustment of living with other living things and environmental conditions
Addiction a pattern of compulsive use of addictive substances for means other than those prescribed
Affective Learning changes in attitudes, values, and feelings
Anaphylaxis severe reaction occurring immediately after exposure to a drug; characterized by respiratory distress and vascular collapse
Autonomous Morality Kant theory that each person imposes the moral law on himself; self-determination; being independent and self-governing
Basic Human Needs something essential to the health and survival of humans; common to all people
Biofeedback non-medical process that involves measuring a subject’s specific and quantifiable bodily functions such as blood pressure, heart rate, skin temperature, sweat gland activity, and muscle tension, conveying the information to the patient in real-time. This raises the patient’s awareness and therefore the possibility of conscious control of those functions.
Bisexual having sexual feelings for people of both sexes
Breakthrough Pain temporary flare-up of moderate to severe pain that occurs even when the patient is taking around-the-clock medication for persistent pain
Climacteric a synonym for female menopause
Cognitive Learning storing and recalling of new knowledge in the brain
Contraception prevention of conception or pregnancy; also used to describe methods used for birth control
  Conventional Reasoning  term used to describe ideas or explanations that are generally accepted as true by the public or by experts in a field. The term implies that the ideas or explanations, though widely held, are unexamined and, hence, may be reevaluated upon further examination or as events unfold; Good behavior often pleases others. Obeying laws is important
Drug Tolerance tendency of the body to become accustomed to a drug over time; larger doses are required to produce the desired effects
Dyspareunia painful sexual intercourse, due to medical or psychological causes.
Gate Theory theory that explains that excitatory pain stimuli carried by small-diameter nerve fibers can be blocked by inhibiting signals carried by large-diameter nerve fibers
Gender identity the inner sense a person has of being male or female, which may be the same as or different from biologic gender; synonym is sexual identity
Guided Imagery a therapeutic technique in which a facilitator uses descriptive language intended to psychologically benefit mental imagery, often involving several or all senses, in the mind of the listener
Idiopathic Pain pain of an unknown source
Impotence condition in which a man is unable to attain or maintain an erection to such an extent that he cannot have satisfactory sexual intercourse; synonym for erectile failure
Interpersonal Communication communication that occurs between two or more people with a goal to exchange messages
Libido sexual desire
Maslow’s Hierarchy Psychological theory depicted as a pyramid consisting of five levels: the lowest level is associated with physiological needs, while the uppermost level is associated with self-actualization needs, particularly those related to identity and purpose
Menarche initiation of the menstrual cycle
Menopause decrease of cyclic hormonal production and cessation of menses in females, usually between ages 45 and 60 years
Menstruation periodic discharge of bloody secretions through the vagina; usually for 4–5 days each month
Moral Development influence of cultural effects on one’s perceptions of justice in interpersonal relationships
Nociceptor pain receptors
Opioids more correct term for narcotic analgesics, since these drugs act by binding to opiate receptor sites in the central nervous system
Pain Threshold amount of stimulation required before a person experiences the sensation of pain
Pain Tolerance point beyond which a person is no longer willing to endure pain (ie, pain of greater duration or intensity)
Perception conscious process of organizing and inter preting data from the senses into meaningful information
Physical Dependence a state resulting from chronic use of a drug that has produced tolerance and where negative physical symptoms of withdrawal result from abrupt discontinuation or dosage reduction
Physiologic Needs need for oxygen, food, water, temperature, elimination, sexuality, activity, and rest; these needs have the highest priority and are essential for survival
Pseudo Addiction A patient will exhibit drug-seeking behavior reminiscent of psychological addiction, but they tend to have genuine pain or other symptoms that have been under-treated. Unlike true psychological addiction, these behaviors tend to stop when the pain is adequately treated
Psychomotor Learning acquisition of physical skills
Sensory deprivation condition resulting from decreased sensory input or input that is monotonous, unpatterned, or meaningless
Sensory overload condition resulting from excessive sensory input to which the brain is unable to meaningfully respond
Sexual Orientation a pattern of emotional, romantic, and/or sexual attractions to men, women, both genders, neither gender, or another gender
Sexuality degree to which a person exhibits and experiences maleness and femaleness physically, emotionally, and mentally
Sexuality  degree to which a person exhibits and experiences maleness and femaleness physically, emotionally, and mentally
Sterilization surgical procedure performed to render a person infertile
Stimulus agent, act, or other influence capable of initiating a response by the nervous system
Transcultural involving, encompassing, or extending across two or more cultures
Vaginismus Cond’n where vaginal muscles clamp down and affect a woman’s ability to engage in any form of vaginal penetration, including sexual intercourse, insertion of tampons, and the penetration involved in gynecological examinations
Vasectomy minor surgical procedure wherein the vasa deferentia of a man are severed, and then tied or sealed in a manner such to prevent sperm from entering the seminal stream

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